Investing in the S&P 500, one of the world’s most renowned stock market indices, has long been a popular choice for investors seeking exposure to the US equities market. However, if you are based in Ireland, you might be wondering how to gain access to this investment and what is the best approach to invest in the S&P 500 from Ireland.
In this comprehensive guide, we will provide you with a step-by-step process for buying the S&P 500 from Ireland. We will cover important aspects such as choosing a suitable S&P 500 ETF, offering tips for selecting an ETF broker, and more!
How to invest in the S&P 500 from Ireland (Step-by-step guide)
1. Pick an ETF tracking the S&P 500
The S&P 500 measures the performance of 500 large-cap US companies, including Apple, Microsoft and Amazon. These companies span various sectors and represent the overall US equity market. As such, investing in the S&P 500 exposes you to a broad range of companies and can serve as a cornerstone of a diversified investment portfolio.
When it comes to investing in the S&P 500 from Ireland, it will be costly and inefficient for individual investors to attempt to invest in each of these 500 companies separately. However, Exchange-Traded Funds (ETFs) offer a practical solution by providing a single investment vehicle representing the entire index’s performance. By investing in S&P 500 ETFs, Irish investors can effectively participate in the potential growth of the index and enjoy the benefits of diversification.
The table below shows the five biggest S&P 500 ETFs available to Irish investors. This list was already filtered by using justETF, a site that can help you easily find and compare ETFs.
Biggest S&P 500 ETFs in Ireland
|Name||ISIN||Ticker*||Annual fee (TER)||Replication method||Use of income||Fund size (in € billion)|
|iShares Core S&P 500 UCITS ETF||IE00B5BMR087||CSPX||0.07%||Physical||Accumulating||54+|
|Vanguard S&P 500 UCITS ETF||IE00B3XXRP09||VUSA||0.07%||Physical||Distributing||29+|
|Invesco S&P 500 UCITS ETF||IE00B3YCGJ38||SPXS||0.05%||Synthetic||Accumulating||12+|
|SPDR S&P 500 UCITS ETF||IE00B6YX5C33||SPY5||0.09%||Physical||Distributing||4+|
|Xtrackers S&P 500 Swap UCITS ETF||LU0490618542||XSPX||0.15%||Physical||Distributing||4+|
*Each fund provider offers a variety of ETFs that track the S&P 500. We have chosen one ETF from each provider to simplify the analysis in this guide. However, we encourage you to visit justetf.com, where you can explore and evaluate all the available ETF options.
Don’t worry if you are unfamiliar with what the “Replication method” and “Use of income” mean; we’ll explain them later in this guide. Now, let’s move to the second step on how to buy the S&P 500 from Ireland.
2. Choose a good ETF broker
After selecting an ETF, the next step is to identify a reliable broker to let you invest in it. To do this, we’ll briefly summarize what each broker offers on their platforms.
Other important factors to consider when selecting an ETF broker are the fees, minimum deposit requirements, and the range of available ETFs. Here is a summary of these factors for each broker:
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|Broker||ETF Transaction Fees||Min. deposit||Number of ETFs||Regulators|
|Interactive Brokers||Varies by exchange with tiered Pricing: 0.05% of Trade Value (min: €1.25, max: €29.00)||€0||13,000+||FINRA, SIPC, SEC, CFTC, IIROC, FCA, CBI, AFSL, SFC, SEBI, MAS, MNB|
|DEGIRO||€0 (in some ETFs + €1 handling fee), plus an annual €2.50 connectivity fee||€1||200+||DNB and AFM|
|eToro||$0 (not all ETFs)||$50||260+||FCA, CySEC, ASIC|
|BUX Zero||€0 for zero orders; €1.99 for market and limit orders||€1||Not disclosed||AFM and DNB|
3. Place a “Buy Order”
Once you have chosen a suitable ETF broker and funded your account, you are ready to place a “Buy Order” for the S&P 500 ETF. For this example, we will use Interactive Brokers. However, you can follow these steps to execute your purchase with any broker:
a) Search for the desired S&P 500 ETF
Use the search function or browse through the available ETFs to find the specific S&P 500 ETF you have selected. Refer to the ticker symbol to locate the ETF accurately (in our case, we searched for CSPX).
You may come across instances where the broker offers multiple versions of the same ETF, denominated in different currencies such as USD, EUR or GBP. It is advisable to select the one that aligns with your account currency. For example, if your account currency is EUR, choosing a EUR-denominated ETF will help you avoid currency exchange fees.
b) Click on “Buy” or “Invest”
Usually, this tab is clear once you are on the ETF page, where you will find the chart and key information about the ETF.
c) Choose the order details
Now, you must choose the appropriate order type based on your preferences and trading strategy.
- Limit Order: It is set by default on IBKR. So you can set a specific price at which you are willing to buy the ETF. The trade will only be executed if the market price reaches or falls below your specified limit price.
- Market or Trader Order: This order executes the trade at the prevailing market price and provides immediate execution.
- Amount or Units: Specify the amount of money or the number of shares you wish to invest in the S&P 500 ETF.
d) Place the order
Finally, click “Submit But Order” to submit your order. At this point, the broker will process the transaction and attempt to execute the trade at the specified parameters.
What to look for in any ETF?
Not all ETFs are the same, and it’s important to consider several factors before deciding. Here are some factors to consider:
1. Fees (TER)
Different asset managers charge varying fees for their ETFs. For instance, providers like BlackRock (iShares) and Vanguard charge a small annual fee which is subtracted from the fund’s assets directly. As such, choosing an ETF with lower fees can result in higher returns on your investments. Ongoing charge (OCF) or total expense ratio (TER) are standard terms to describe this overall management fee.
2. Replication method
ETFs can employ two different replication methods:
- Physical replication, which involves purchasing the actual assets outlined in the index,
- Synthetic replication, where the fund manager utilizes financial derivatives to mirror index performance.
Additionally, you might encounter some ETFs that combine both approaches. Given the high liquidity of the S&P 500’s underlying companies, physical replication is often preferred due to its lower costs and reduced risks associated with derivatives.
3. Use of Income
ETFs also differ in how they handle income generated by the underlying companies.
- Accumulating ETFs reinvest dividends received from the companies included in the index, leading to a higher ETF price. You won’t need to pay transaction fees or trading costs for dividend reinvestment, as it is done automatically.
- Distributing ETFs, on the other hand, provide regular dividend payments directly to your brokerage account, requiring you to declare the received dividends.
Ultimately, deciding between accumulating and distributing ETFs depends on your circumstances and investment strategy. Assess your long-term goals and income requirements to select the best option for your needs. For instance, if you plan to hold your investment for a relatively long period without the need for regular income, an accumulating ETF may be more suitable. However, a distributing ETF would be a better choice if you aim to earn regular income from your investment.
In Ireland, investors are currently subject to a tax rate of 41% on both dividends and capital gains. Additionally, if you hold an ETF for more than eight years without selling it, you will be deemed to have sold it and will be liable for tax at 41% on the gains from the preceding eight years. So deciding whether to invest in an accumulating or distributing ETF will depend on your tax reporting preferences. Still, we encourage you to seek guidance from a tax advisor to receive personalized advice and ensure compliance with tax regulations.
Consider the overall fund size when selecting an ETF. Larger funds generally carry a lower risk of liquidation compared to smaller ones. In the event of liquidation, a fund sells its holdings, settles obligations, and distributes the remaining funds to investors.
Some ETFs employ hedging strategies using financial derivatives to mitigate the impact of currency fluctuations. While this protects against large currency swings, it also comes at an additional cost.
What is the S&P 500?
The S&P 500 is a widely recognized stock market index that tracks the performance of 500 large-cap U.S. companies.
Why would someone in Ireland want to invest in the S&P 500?
Investing in the S&P 500 allows Irish investors to gain exposure to the US market and potentially benefit from its long-term growth.
Can I buy US-listed S&P 500 ETFs from Ireland?
No, currently, Irish investors are restricted from buying US-listed S&P 500 ETFs. However, there are numerous Irish and EU-listed ETF options available. In this article, we have provided a list of several recommended ETFs that can be suitable alternatives for Irish investors to gain exposure to the S&P 500, such as CSPX, VUSA and SPY5.
Which brokers in Ireland offer access to S&P 500 ETFs?
What is an Exchange Traded Fund (ETF)?
An Exchange Traded Fund (ETF) is a type of investment fund traded on stock exchanges. It is designed to track the performance of a specific index, commodity, sector, or asset class. If you invest in an S&P 500 ETF, you will gain exposure to the performance of over 500 different companies without the need to invest in each separately. This provides a convenient and efficient way to diversify your investment across a wide range of holdings within the index.
What are CFDs? Should I invest in S&P500 CFDs?
Contracts for Difference (CFDs) are derivative financial instruments that allow traders to speculate on the price movements of an underlying asset without actually owning the asset itself. Investing in S&P 500 CFDs involves trading based on the price fluctuations of the S&P 500 index. To know more about it, you can read our article: CFDs vs Shares: Understand the Differences.
Is Robinhood available in Ireland?
Unfortunately, Robinhood is not yet available in Ireland; however, you can check our top Robinhood alternatives in Europe for some insights.