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Largest Crypto Exchanges by Volume: Biggest Crypto Exchanges

Toni Nasr, CFA, FRM| Updated January 3rd, 2024

In the world of cryptocurrencies, crypto exchanges play a crucial role as platforms that enable users to buy, sell, and trade digital assets. As the popularity of cryptocurrencies grew, so did the number of exchanges, each offering unique features and services tailored to different user needs. 

One key metric used to assess the significance of a crypto exchange is its trading volume. It is a valuable indicator of an exchange’s liquidity, popularity, and activity. Higher trading volumes generally indicate a more active and liquid market, attracting traders and investors.

In this article, we will explore the largest crypto exchanges based on their trading volume. By examining the ranking of these exchanges, we can gain valuable insights into their market presence and overall significance.

Largest Crypto Exchanges

Here’s the list of the biggest crypto exchanges by spot trading volume:

Largest Crypto Exchanges by Volume: Biggest Crypto Exchanges in Billion USD

Crypto Exchange Trading Volume 2022 Trading Volume H1 – 2023 24h Avg Trading Vol (H1 – 2023)
Binance* 5,577 2,327 12.86
Upbit 923 345 1.91
OKX 962 238 1.32
Coinbase 830 237 1.31
Kucoin 565 118 0.65
Bybit 197 111 0.62
Kraken 268 111 0.61
Huobi 467 84 0.47
Crypto.com 440 41 0.23

*Binance US numbers are excluded
Source: TheBlock.co

The top 5 crypto exchanges, ranked by trading volume, include Binance, Upbit, OKX, Coinbase, and Kucoin. Binance takes the lead with an impressive share of over 41% of the global market share in June 2023. Upbit and OKX, formerly known as OKEx, rank second and third in trading volume, respectively. Coinbase, trading under the ticker symbol COIN on the Nasdaq exchange, holds the fourth spot, and Kucoin occupies the fifth position after achieving impressive gains through expansion.

While most major exchanges show slower growth compared to 2021’s crypto boom, the trading volume on these leading crypto platforms indicates high interest in cryptocurrencies among investors.

Largest Crypto Exchanges (Spot and Derivatives)

The trading volume of several exchanges experiences a significant increase when derivatives trading are included in the calculation. The following table shows the combined spot and derivatives trading volumes of the largest cryptocurrency exchanges:

Largest Crypto Exchanges (Spot and Derivatives) by Volume in Billion USD

Crypto Exchange 1 Year Trading Volume* Trading Volume H1 – 2023 24h Avg Trading Vol (H1 – 2023)
Binance 21,541 10,238 56.56
OKX 5,258 2,637 14.57
Bybit 3,555 1,895 10.47
Kucoin 1,172 500 2.76
Upbit 601 345 1.91
Huobi 563 240 1.33
Coinbase 519 237 1.31
Kraken 182 112 0.62
Crypto.com 208 66 0.36

*As of July 12, 2023
Source: Tokeninsight.com

Binance

  • Binance trading volume (24h in H1-2023): $12.86 Billion
  • Binance spot and derivatives trading volume (24h in H1-2023): $56.56 Billion

Binance, the world’s largest cryptocurrency exchange, stands out as a dominant force in the market with its remarkable trading volumes. With an average daily volume of over $12.8 billion and a total volume exceeding $5.5 trillion in 2022, Binance outperforms its competitors by a substantial margin. Furthermore, Binance’s daily trading volume surpasses $56 billion when incorporating derivatives trading.

Largest Crypto Exchanges by Volume: Biggest Crypto Exchanges 1

Binance website

A key factor in Binance’s success is the large number of available cryptocurrencies and trading pairs. However, providing so many options makes it challenging to thoroughly vet each cryptocurrency listing for legitimate users, which could expose Binance to greater risks if unsavoury projects are listed.

In addition to its scale, Binance entices users with competitive fees, robust trading tools, and a strong emphasis on security. Users benefit from lower trading fees through Binance’s native exchange token, BNB Coin. Holders of BNB tokens enjoy discounts of up to 25%, making trading on the platform more cost-effective. 

Despite its impressive features, Binance has faced criticism and scrutiny. The wide range of listed coins exposes the exchange to potential risks associated with unsavoury projects. Additionally, Binance’s dominance in the industry has attracted regulatory attention, leading to calls for tighter oversight.

Upbit

  • Upbit trading volume (24h in H1-2023): $1.91 Billion
  • Upbit does not offer derivatives trading

South Korean crypto exchange Upbit ranks as the second largest exchange by trading volume, mostly dominating the Asian market. Upbit currently processes around $1.91 billion in average daily volume, despite offering fewer crypto assets than Binance and needing access to derivatives trading.

Largest Crypto Exchanges by Volume: Biggest Crypto Exchanges 2

Upbit’s success stems largely from its popularity in South Korea, one of the world’s most crypto-enthusiastic populations. Additionally, South Korean regulators have taken a balanced approach toward crypto compared to other countries, enabling Upbit to grow within a mainstream, compliant framework. This has helped bolster user trust and liquidity on the platform.

Unique features like its Upbit Stake product and Ethereum ecosystem offerings have fueled its rapid growth. Upbit Stake allows users to earn passive income by supplying cryptocurrency liquidity to the exchange. Users receive interest payments in UST, KRW or BTC based on their coin stakes.

However, Upbit has faced challenges around security. In 2019, hackers stole over $50 million of cryptocurrency from Upbit’s hot wallets. The exchange later completed reimbursing affected users, regaining some trust.

OKX

  • OKX trading volume (24h in H1-2023): $1.32 Billion
  • OKX spot and derivatives trading volume (24h in H1-2023): $14.57 Billion

OKX, formerly known as OKEx, has established itself as one of the world’s largest crypto derivatives trading platforms. Despite its name change in 2021, OKX maintains the third-largest exchange by trading volume, processing around $1.32 billion daily trades. Notably, when considering both spot and derivatives trading volumes, OKX even secures the second spot among the top crypto exchanges.

OKX attracts users through its vast range of derivative products, with over 400 tradable cryptocurrencies and 600 active markets. OKX offers futures and options contracts for top coins like Bitcoin and Ethereum, DeFi tokens, and alternative blockchains. This gives traders extensive tools for hedging and speculating through leveraged positions.

Largest Crypto Exchanges by Volume: Biggest Crypto Exchanges 3

OKX also features some of the industry’s most competitive and transparent fee structures, with a simple tier-pricing fee schedule for maker and taker fees. For instance, for spot trading, OKX offers maker fees ranging from -0.005% to 0.080%, depending on the 30-day trading volume, while taker fees range from 0.02% to 0.10%. This volume-based fee approach has proven to be a major attraction for larger traders and institutional investors, making OKX a preferred platform for their trading needs.

OKX has an intuitive exchange interface that aims to be user-friendly for beginners and advanced traders. The platform’s web and app interfaces share similar layouts and functionalities. Charts for individual coins include multiple technical indicators and drawing tools to help traders identify trends and formulate strategies, while advanced traders can create customised workspaces with multiple windows for order placement, charting and market data.

Coinbase

  • Coinbase trading volume (24h in H1-2023): $1.31 Billion
  • Coinbase does not offer derivatives trading

Coinbase, the largest publicly traded cryptocurrency exchange, holds the fourth position in terms of trading volume. It is listed on the Nasdaq stock exchange under the ticker COIN, processes approximately $1.31 billion in average daily volume and is currently available in more than 100 countries.

Largest Crypto Exchanges by Volume: Biggest Crypto Exchanges 4

Coinbase stands out for its user-friendly platforms that cater to different trading preferences and needs. The main Coinbase exchange offers a simple layout, ensuring users can easily navigate and trade cryptocurrencies. It offers the Coinbase Wallet for users looking for a more interactive and non-custodial experience, and Advanced Trade, another platform which targets advanced traders who require real-time order books and advanced trading options.

Spot trading is the primary service provided by Coinbase, with margin trading currently unavailable. Coinbase employs the maker-taker fee model, which includes a tiered fee structure based on trading volume over the trailing 30-day period. The fee tier is determined when placing an order rather than upon completion.

Kucoin

  • Kucoin trading volume (24h in H1-2023): $0.65 Billion
  • Kucoin spot and derivatives trading volume (24h in H1-2023): $2.76 Billion

Kucoin has rapidly emerged as one of the largest crypto exchanges by trading volume, currently ranking 5th with around $651 million in daily trades and over $2.7 billion, including derivatives trading. KuCoin is a centralised cryptocurrency exchange (CEX).

Largest Crypto Exchanges by Volume: Biggest Crypto Exchanges 5

Kucoin was launched in 2017 with key services, including spot and margin trading, a derivatives market, and peer-to-peer (P2P) fiat transfers. Additionally, Kucoin extends its services beyond trading by providing the KuCoin Wallet, the Windvane NFT Marketplace, and staking and lending mechanisms. Kucoin differentiates itself by listing many small-cap altcoins overlooked by larger exchanges. This strategy has helped attract a loyal user base of early crypto adopters who seek access to the latest DeFi tokens, NFT projects and alternative blockchains.

Furthermore, Kucoin operates its own blockchain with its native token called KuCoin Shares (KCS). Users utilising KCS tokens on the Kucoin exchange can benefit from discounts and reduced trading fees.

Bybit

  • Bybit trading volume (24h in H1-2023): $0.62 Billion
  • Bybit spot and derivatives trading volume (24h in H1-2023): $10.47 Billion

Founded in 2018, Bybit was initially launched as a derivatives platform, exclusively catering to this segment. However, in 2021, the introduction of the Bybit spot market expanded its offerings to include spot trading services. It currently ranks 6th by trading volume at around $620 million per day, and after including derivatives transactions, Bybit’s average daily trading volume surpasses $10 billion.

Largest Crypto Exchanges by Volume: Biggest Crypto Exchanges 6

The Bybit spot market serves as one of the main services provided by the platform, enabling users to engage in crypto-crypto trading. While crypto-fiat trading is not supported, the platform offers more than 200 assets to facilitate a diverse range of trading pairs. In total, Bybit supports over 300 trading pairs, providing users with ample options to explore.

Bybit’s user interface caters to derivatives traders, offering a comprehensive suite of order types, indicators, tools, and analytics. Bybit distinguishes itself through its lightning-fast execution speeds, tight spreads, and generous trading incentives. The platform consistently offers some of the lowest fees in the derivatives space and frequently introduces zero-fee promotional programs for new users. Bybit also offers three types of customer accounts – non-VIP, VIP, and Pro (Bybit Loyalty), catering to the varying needs and preferences of its user base.

Kraken

  • Kraken trading volume (24h in H1-2023): $0.61 Billion
  • Kraken spot and derivatives trading volume (24h in H1-2023): $0.62 Billion

Founded in 2011 and officially launched two years later, Kraken has emerged as one of the largest cryptocurrency exchanges. It currently supports over 220 coins, and the average daily trading volume is around $610 million in the first half of 2023.

Largest Crypto Exchanges by Volume: Biggest Crypto Exchanges 7

For beginners, the main Kraken platform offers a user-friendly interface that simplifies navigating and engaging in crypto trading. On the other hand, advanced and expert crypto enthusiasts may prefer Kraken Pro, which provides additional features and functionality, including advanced margin and futures trading capabilities.

The platform facilitates trading in 7 fiat currencies (USD, EUR, CAD, AUD, GBP, CHF, and JPY), allowing seamless conversion between crypto and traditional currencies. Kraken’s spot market operates on the maker-taker model, where fees are determined based on 30-day trading data. The fee structure comprises nine tiers corresponding to the customers’ 30-day trading volume in USD.

Features like advanced charting, integrated crypto analytics and over 20 order types give Kraken’s interface a professional-grade trading experience. Institutions also value Kraken’s custom API solutions for automated trading.

Huobi

  • Huobi trading volume (24h in H1-2023): $0.47 Billion
  • Huobi spot and derivatives trading volume (24h in H1-2023): $1.33 Billion

Huobi Global is also one of the largest crypto exchanges that hold a significant market share in Asian markets. It was founded in 2013 in Beijing and offers a comprehensive digital asset ecosystem that includes various services such as spot trading, derivatives trading, staking, crypto loans, crypto yield products, and additional offerings. Huobi’s average daily trading volume is around $466 million per day. However, Huobi stands out for its dominance in the crypto derivatives market, especially in Asia, with an average daily spot and derivatives trading volume of over $1.33 billion.

Largest Crypto Exchanges by Volume: Biggest Crypto Exchanges 8

Huobi Global allows users to trade a diverse selection of over 700 cryptocurrencies on its exchange. The trading fees on the Huobi Global spot market follow a tiered structure, with varying rates for regular and Pro users.

There have been accusations of wash trading against Huobi, raising concerns about the authenticity of its reported trading volumes. Additionally, Huobi faces restrictions on its ability to provide services in certain jurisdictions.

Crypto.com

  • Crypto.com trading volume (24h in H1-2023): $0.23 Billion
  • Crypto.com spot and derivatives trading volume (24h in H1-2023): $0.36 Billion

Crypto.com concludes our list of the world’s largest crypto exchanges, with an average daily trading volume of approximately $230 million. Established in 2016 in Hong Kong, Crypto.com has developed a distinct identity with its app-first approach and comprehensive financial services ecosystem built around its native CRO coin. The exchange offers two types of trading fees: regular and VIP, with five levels for regular fees, following the maker-taker model.

Largest Crypto Exchanges by Volume: Biggest Crypto Exchanges 9

While the Crypto.com App primarily serves as a crypto wallet and debit card platform, it also integrates a fully functional exchange. Users can conveniently engage in spot trading for more than 250 cryptocurrencies directly within the user-friendly interface of the Crypto.com App, designed to provide optimal mobile usability.

In November 2022, Crypto.com faced a challenging period when it froze withdrawals and imposed limitations on card spending due to rumours of potential exposure to FTX. This incident significantly impacted user trust and led to a substantial decline in the price of CRO, depreciating it by over 80%.

Moreover, Crypto.com faced criticism for its excessive spending on sports sponsorships while reducing earning rates for retail users. As a response, the exchange is now committed to restoring its credibility through measures focused on austerity and risk reduction.

Importance of trading volume when considering a crypto exchange

Trading volume is crucial in the cryptocurrency market, serving as a key indicator of liquidity and market activity. It provides valuable insights into the buying and selling activity level for a particular cryptocurrency or exchange during a given period. 

When trading volume is high, it signifies a vibrant and dynamic market with significant buying and selling pressure. This level of market activity can create opportunities for traders to enter or exit positions more easily, enabling them to capitalise on price movements. Additionally, traders can execute their orders quickly and at desired prices, minimising slippage and transaction costs.

Conclusion

To sum up, trading volume is a key metric in determining the largest crypto exchanges. These exchanges substantially impact the cryptocurrency market, influencing price movements, market trends, and investor sentiment. Binance is the largest crypto exchange globally, followed by Upbit, OKX, Coinbase, and Kucoin.

While the largest crypto exchanges enjoy substantial market dominance, they face various challenges. Regulatory issues present a significant concern as authorities worldwide strive to establish comprehensive frameworks to govern the cryptocurrency industry. The evolving regulatory landscape may impact these exchanges’ operations and compliance requirements, potentially leading to changes in their business models or geographical restrictions.

Toni Nasr, CFA, FRM
Fintech Analyst

Toni is a Fintech Analyst with over 8 years of experience in the financial industry where he worked as a financial control analyst at a regional bank and later conducted independent investment research analysis.

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