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Is Degiro Safe?

Conor Scott, CFA| Updated: September 12, 2022

As one of the leading discount brokers tailor-made for Europeans, DEGIRO consistently remains in the spotlight. Founded in 2008 and headquartered in Amsterdam, DEGIRO is a low-cost brokerage providing select commission-free trading for stocks and ETFs, which is excellent for long-term portfolios. The natural question: is DEGIRO safe? 

In other words, is it a good platform with which to trust our money for years on end? Security is essential to thoughtful buy-and-hold investors who don’t necessarily want to check the brokerage account every day and would instead get to the research. 

This article highlights and discusses the due diligence we’ve done before we came to the conclusion: Yes, DEGIRO is safe. 

What Is DEGIRO’s Business Model?

Named the “Top Rated Overall Investment Platform & Investment App 2020” by the Financial Times, DEGIRO’s business model focuses on attracting individual investors–often referred to as retail investors. In fact, they’ve earned more than 80 international awards for their platform. 

With DEGIRO, European investors benefit most from their extraordinary international exposure. They offer access to more than 50 exchanges across 30 countries.

DEGIRO’s home page

How DEGIRO Makes Money

Like other major discount brokers, DEGIRO earns its revenue through the fees gained per transaction. There are two methods for achieving this: (1) commission and (2) spread. 

The commission refers to DEGIRO’s charge for providing their service. While the lowest or among the lowest in Europe in terms of costs, a few key details from their fee schedule show:

  • American or Canadian stocks: FREE
  • European stocks: €/£3.90 per transaction
  • ETFs (globally, with zero-cost exceptions): €/£2.00
  • European bonds: €/£2.00
  • European options: €/£0.75 per contract

Spread refers to the price difference between “bid” and “ask” prices. Bid prices represent what a broker is willing to spend to buy your security, while ask prices represent what a broker is willing to receive in order to part with a security. The bid will always be lower than the ask. For example, €100 (bid) to €105 (ask). 

DEGIRO’s Financials

Essential to answering the question – Is DEGIRO Safe? – lies the latest financials for the company. We want to see a growing enterprise with solid earnings (EBITDA) and a respectable cost-income ratio. 

With the below, we see all three boxes checked despite the coronavirus pandemic. Customer accounts grew by 24.3%, the EBITDA margin by 80.7%, and the cost-income ratio by a slight 14.5%. The adjusted EBITDA fell by 24.1%, but this snapshot gives us solid confidence in the company’s prospects.

DEGIRO’s Financials

Further down the same report, we see €1.8 billion in cash and cash equivalents as of 30 June 2022, another good figure. This screenshot does not give the full picture, but it alleviates the concern of any warning signs or red flags.

What If DEGIRO Defaults?

An unlikely occurrence, but helpful to contemplate for your added benefit and security. Let’s consider four separate factors. 

1. Your Assets Are Segregated

Client assets are maintained separately from DEGIRO and are not treated as recoverable assets to creditors. Your assets remain yours. 

Since the company is a licensed investment firm authorized by the Netherlands Authority for the Financial Markets (AFM), the Dutch Investor Protection Scheme protects investors in the event that DEGIRO fails to safeguard client assets. 

2. Investor Protection

With the Dutch Investor Protection Scheme, individual clients are protected by up to €20,000. This applies per individual, and not per account. If an individual has opened multiple accounts, the scheme protects all assets in aggregation. Further information on the scheme can be found in English here

A frequent misunderstanding with the scheme is that all assets above the €20,000 threshold are lost. Not at all–the practice of asset segregation ensures that all your assets are secure. The scheme comes into effect only if DEGIRO is discovered to have failed to sufficiently protect client assets, or in the case of fraud.

3. Ample Regulation

The flatexDEGIRO Bank Dutch Branch, operating under the name DEGIRO, is the Dutch branch of flatexDEGIRO Bank AG. The latter entity is supervised by the German Federal Supervisory Authority (BaFin). 

Within the Netherlands, flatexDEGIRO Bank Dutch Branch is subject to integrity supervision by the central bank of the Netherlands (DNB), and further supervision by AFM. 

4. Additional Cash Protection

When you open an account with DEGIRO, you also open a cash account with flatexDEGIRO Bank. All your uninvented money will be held in a segregated bank account with a personal IBAN. 

Your money is thus guaranteed by up to €100,000 since the German Deposit Guarantee Scheme also applies. However, this cash account is not used for other banking or personal matters–only to hold money for your DEGIRO account.

What to Remember

  1. Asset segregation: Your assets are untouchable in the event of the company’s default. 
  2. Investor protection: If asset segregation fails, an unlikely event for a regulated entity based in the Netherlands, then the Dutch Investor Protection Scheme protects individuals by up to €20,000. 
  3. Regulation: The German BaFin regulates DEGIRO, with the company under additional supervision by the DNB and AFM.
  4. Cash protection: DEGIRO’s method of opening a dedicated cash account automatically introduces cash protection up to €100,000.

Final Thoughts

Even though it was popular before the coronavirus pandemic, retail investing came to incredible success as remote working inspired many to take up new passions–and investing is a superb choice. 

However, there remains a seemingly limitless plethora of online brokers to choose from. Low fees are a must for traders, but so are asset protection, protection, and regulation. So is DEGIRO Safe? Yes, absolutely. 

As a final tip, once you begin trading, please ensure you keep records of your holdings, trade confirmations, and account statements every month. This little step will make the job easier for the regulators when filing any insurance claim.

Stay safe out there!

Other FAQs

Is DEGIRO Safe?

Given its regulation by BaFin and the guarantees provided by the Dutch Investor Protection Scheme, in addition to asset segregation, we feel confident in saying: yes, it is safe.

Does DEGIRO offer options and futures?

Yes. However, forex trading is not available, nor is crypto.

What’s the minimum amount for opening a DEGIRO account?

DEGIRO’s minimum is €/£1.00

Where can I find more information on DEGIRO?

Please check out our comprehensive DEGIRO review.

Conor Scott, CFA
Contributor

Conor is a CFA charterholder who has been active in the wealth management industry since 2012, continuously researching the latest developments affecting portfolio management and cryptocurrency.

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